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# đź“™ The Universal History of Computing: From the Abacus to the Quantum Computer by Georges Ifrah â€” free epub

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A brilliant follow-up to a landmark international bestseller ## About book:

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"Suppose every instrument could by command or by anticipation of need execute its function on its own; suppose that spindles could weave of their own accord, and plectra strike the strings of zithers by themselves; then craftsmen would have no need of hand-work, and masters have no need of slaves." â€“Aristotle Called the Indiana Jones of arithmetic, Georges Ifrah embarked in 1974 on a ten-year quest to discover where numbers come from and what they say about us. His first book, the highly praised Universal History of Numbers, drew from this remarkable journey, presented the first complete account of the invention and evolution of numbers the world overâ€“and became an international bestseller. In The Universal History of Computing, Ifrah continues his exhilarating exploration into the fascinating world of numbers. In this fun, engaging but no less learned book, he traces the development of computing from the invention of the abacus to the creation of the binary system three centuries ago to the incredible conceptual, scientific, and technical achievements that made the first modern computers possible. He shows us how various cultures, scientists, and industries across the world struggled to break free of the tedious labor of mental calculation and, as a result, he reveals the evolution of the human mind. Evoking the excitement and joy that accompanied the grand mathematical undertakings throughout history, Ifrah takes us along as he revisits a multitude of cultures, from Roman times and the Chinese Common Era to twentieth-century England and America. We meet mathematicians, visionaries, philosophers, and scholars from every corner of the world and from every period of history. We witness the dead ends and regressions in the computerâ€™s development, as well as the advances and illuminating discoveries. We learn about the births of the pocket calculator, the adding machine, the cash register, and even automata. We find out how the origins of the computer can be found in the European Renaissance, along with how World War II influenced the development of analytical calculation. And we explore such hot topics as numerical codes and the recent discovery of new kinds of number systems, such as "surreal" numbers. Adventurous and enthralling, The Universal History of Computing is an astonishing achievement that not only unravels the epic tale of computing, but also tells the compelling story of human intelligenceâ€“and how much farther we still have to go.

GEORGES IFRAH is an independent scholar and former math teacher. E. F. Harding, the primary translator, is a statistician and mathematician who has taught at Aberdeen, Edinburgh, and Cambridge Universities. SOPHIE WOOD, cotranslator, is a specialist in technical translation from French. Ian Monk, cotranslator, has translated the works of Georges Perec and Daniel Pennac. ELIZABETH CLEGG, cotranslator, is also an interpreter who has worked on a number of government and international agency projects. Guido Waldman, cotranslator, has translated several classic literary works.

In this engaging successor to The Universal History of Numbers, youâ€™ll discover the entire story of the calculation of yesteryear and the computation of today. From the invention of the abacus to the creation of the binary system three centuries ago to the conceptual, scientific, and technical achievements that made the earliest computers possible, highly acclaimed author and mathematician Georges Ifrah provides an illuminating glimpse into humankindâ€™s greatest intellectual tale: the story of computing.

PRAISE FOR GEORGES IFRAHâ€™S The Universal History of Numbers

"Georges Ifrah is the man. This book, quite simply, rules. . . . It is outstanding . . . a mind-boggling and enriching experience." â€“The Guardian (London)

"Monumental . . . a fascinating journey taking us through many different cultures."â€“The Times (London)

"Ifrahâ€™s book amazes and fascinates by the scope of its scholarship. It is nothing less than the history of the human race told through figures."â€“International Herald Tribune

"Dazzling."â€“Kirkus Reviews

"Sure to transfix readers."â€“Publishers Weekly

- Author:
**Georges Ifrah** - Year:
**2000** - Publisher:
**Wiley** - Language:
**English** - ISBN:
**0471396710,9780471396710**

- DPI:
**300** - File size:
**3 289 510** - Format:
**djvu**

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By the year 2020, the basic memory components of a computer will be the size of individual atoms. At such scales, the current theory of computation will become invalid.â€śQuantum computingâ€ť is reinventing the foundations of computer science and information ...

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Written by one of the few top internationally recognized experts in the field, this book concentrates on those topics that will remain fundamental, such as low power computing, reversible programming languages, and applications in thermodynamics. It descr...

Quantum computing promises to solve problems which are intractable on digital computers. Highly parallel quantum algorithms can decrease the computational time for some problems by many orders of magnitude. This important book explains how quantum compute...

This concise, accessible text provides a thorough introduction to quantum computing - an exciting emergent field at the interface of the computer, engineering, mathematical and physical sciences. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate stu...

This concise, accessible text provides a thorough introduction to quantum computing - an exciting emergent field at the interface of the computer, engineering, mathematical and physical sciences. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate stu...

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Lexical-Functional Grammar was first developed by Joan Bresnan and Ronald M. Kaplan in the late 1970s, and was designed to serve as a medium for expressing and explaining important generalisations about the syntax of human languages and thus to serve as a...

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Theories about the ontological structure of the world have generally been described in informal, intuitive terms, and the arguments for and against them, including their consistency and adequacy as explanatory frameworks, have generally been given in even...

All modern industries rely on large and complex software systems. In order to construct such large systems in a systematic manner, the focus of the development methodologies has switched in the last two decades from functional to structural issues. Formal...

About The ProductPublished by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series. Coastal inlets dot the world's coastline, serving as important conduits for exchange of organic and inorganic materials between the continent...

The most comprehensive book in its field, Formulas for Stress, Strain, and Structural Matrices, Second Edition is a source of formulas for the analysis and design of structural members and mechanical elements. * Presents simple formulas, organized by type...

About The ProductPublished by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Antarctic Research Series. Content: ...

This volume presents a comprehensive look at the phenomenon of formulaic language (multi-word units believed to be mentally stored and retrieved as single units) and its roleâ‚¬in fluent speech production.â‚¬ Focusing on second language speech, the book provi...